A glove is personal protective equipment (PPE) that protects the hand or part of it against risks, according to the UNE-EN 420 standard. In some cases, it can cover part of the forearm and arm.
Types of Gloves
There are different types of protective gloves, and each one has a specific function and is indicated to protect the worker in different contexts.
Discover which protective gloves you should choose according to your type of work and what factors you should take into account so that the choice of this Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is the right one.
The use of protective gloves is indispensable and obligatory in some professional activities.
These work gloves safeguard the hands of the risks that can occur in the development of work activity.
The most common risks are:
- Mechanical risks
- Thermal risks
- Chemical and biological risks
- Electrical risks
- Ionizing radiation
Types of protective gloves
Below we explain the main characteristics of protective gloves so that you can choose the model that best suits your needs.
Nitrile gloves – Protection against chemicals
Nitrite is a synthetic material that is resistant to certain chemicals and has a high resistance to perforation. They offer broad resistance to chemicals and biological agents, as well as to accidental breakage and puncture. They are suitable for people suffering from allergies. They can be sterile or non-sterile and are indicated for tasks with high biological or chemical risk.
There are two types of nitrile gloves, those that do not have a textile backing, which is disposable, used by medical professionals and the food sector, and what have textile support, which is used in the industrial sector, in construction, and the agricultural industry.
It is the ideal alternative for those workers who are allergic to latex.
Latex gloves – Maximum adaptability
Latex gloves are primarily indicated for the sanitary, industrial, and food sectors.
Like nitrile gloves, there are two types of latex gloves. Disposables, also called “watertight,” used by medical professionals and food workers, and those with a textile backing, indicated for the industrial, construction, agricultural, etc. sectors.
The great advantage of latex gloves is that they adapt perfectly to the hands, facilitating mobility and ability when doing any job.
Polyurethane Gloves – Resistance to Abrasion and Tears
Polyurethane is a plastic material that is used in the manufacture of ideal protective gloves for assemblies, handling of parts, for the automotive or electronic industries, among many other applications.
Polyurethane gloves have a high resistance to abrasion, tear, and tears.
Leather or split leather gloves – The most versatile
This type of gloves is made in combinations of full grain leather (bovine or porcine), suede, and cotton.
They are the most popular and versatile work gloves. They can be used in industrial assembly lines, in masonry services, in loading and unloading works, in gardening, etc.
What do they have to protect me from?
In the workplace, the hands of the worker, and the hands of his entire body, may be exposed to risks of a diverse nature, which can be classified into three groups, according to their way of acting:
- Injuries to the hands due to external actions.
- Risks for people by actions on hands.
- Health risks or discomfort linked to the use of protective gloves.
What care should I have?
To provide adequate protection against risks, gloves must be kept useful, durable, and resistant against numerous actions and influences so that their protective function is guaranteed throughout their useful life. These influences that can threaten the protective efficacy of the glove include wrong choice and use, conservation, chemical products, use, inclement weather, and thermal action.
How to choose them?
The choice of a protective glove will, in any case, require extensive knowledge of the workplace and its environment. For this reason, the election must be made by trained personnel, and in the election process, the participation and collaboration of the worker will be of paramount importance. Before purchasing a protective glove, it should be tested at the workplace.
When purchasing a protective glove, a sufficient number of information leaflets should be requested from the manufacturer or supplier.
How to use them?
The skin by itself is excellent protection against external aggressions. For this reason, attention must be paid to proper hand hygiene with soap and water and smeared with a protective cream if necessary.
When choosing protective gloves, it is necessary to weigh, on the one hand, the sensitivity to touch and the ability to grasp and, on the other, the need for the highest possible protection.
Protective gloves must be the correct size. The use of gloves that are too narrow can, for example, impair their insulating properties or hinder circulation.
When choosing gloves for protection against chemicals, the following elements must be taken into account: in some cases, specific materials, which provide proper protection against chemicals, protect very poorly against others; Mixing certain products can sometimes result in different properties than might be expected based on knowledge of the features of each.
PVA gloves are not waterproof.
Using protective gloves may cause sweat. This problem is solved by using gloves with absorbent lining. However, this element can reduce the touch and flexibility of the fingers, as well as the ability to grip. Using lined gloves also reduces problems, such as chafing caused by seams, etc.
You should periodically check if the gloves are broken, with holes or dilations. If this occurs and they cannot be repaired, they must be replaced since their protective action will have been reduced.
Regarding chemical protection gloves, these require special attention, and the following points should be highlighted. In essence, a schedule should be established for the periodic replacement of gloves to guarantee that they are changed before being permeated by chemical products. ; The use of contaminated gloves can be more dangerous than non-use because the contaminant can accumulate in the glove’s component material.
Leather, cotton, or similar gloves must be kept clean and dry on the side that is in contact with the skin. In any case, the protective gloves must be cleaned following the supplier’s instructions.
General recommendations for the use of gloves
- Wash and dry hands before putting on gloves.
- Gloves are not a substitute for handwashing.
- Wear short nails and do not use rings or bracelets due to the risk of breaking the glove.
- Cover any wound on the hands with a dressing.
- Keep gloves away from heat sources and the action of sunlight.
- Choose the glove of the appropriate size, avoiding that it is loose, especially on the tips of the fingers, since it loses sensitivity and increases the risk of punctures or cuts.
- Avoid damaging the gloves when they are removed from the container.
- Contaminated gloves will be removed immediately after finishing the corresponding technique, before touching clean environmental surfaces, depositing them in the appropriate bucket.
- Hands should be washed immediately after removal of gloves.
- Used gloves should not be put in pockets.
- When washing hands with a hydroalcoholic solution, the gloves used must not contain dust.
Now that you know the main characteristics of protective gloves, you can choose the ones that best suit the needs of your job. If you have questions, you can contact us, and we will give you all the information without obligation.